Happy New Year! Welcome to our first bulletin of 2019. Bringing you our usual mix of news, publications, project updates and more.
This has been an exciting start to the year for SCPHRP, with lots to look forward to. In this issue you can read about:
Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa
New SCPHRP PhD students update
Trusted adult paper
20mph project update
The eMERGe Reporting Guidance
Our latest publications
As always, we love to hear your news as well, so if you have anything you want to share with us and the wider membership, including job vacancies, projects, conferences you can find out how to do so at the end of the bulletin.
With very best wishes,
Everyone at SCPHRP
NEWS AND PROJECTS UPDATE
‘Our Outdoors’ Lower Granton Road Project
‘Our Outdoors’ is a citizen science project exploring how shared (public) outdoor spaces affect health and wellbeing. John McAteer, Kathleen Morrison, Yvonne Laird and Ruth Jepson are working with Edinburgh City Council, Sustrans and industry partner AECOM to examine outdoor space and health in relation to a new planned development in Lower Granton Road.The design intent of the development is to create a series of stimulating spaces, at a variety of scales, vary the sense of enclosure and openness within the greenspace, and work seamlessly with its context. The design includes wildflower meadows, low earth mounds, and trees. The waterfront greenspace alongside the cycle way hopes to enhance a sense of place through changes to the landscape. The landscape proposals provide greater visual interest, opportunities for informal seating, rest and recreation, whilst maintaining one of the key aspects of this space: stunning coastal views.The team is now asking members of the public to join them as citizen scientists. The public will be asked to complete a short survey while in the Lower Granton Road area before the changes occur in February 2019. This will make up the pre-changes survey, and after development the public will be asked to complete a post-survey. The surveys are currently being tested by students in the School of Health in Social Science.
SCPHRP Research Fellow Larry Doi, together with researchers from the University of St Andrews, Glasgow Caledonian University and the University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana have recently received funding from the Scottish Funding Council and the UK Strategies for Global Challenges Research Fund through the University of St Andrews to set up a consortium and subsequently conduct Antimicrobial resistance research in West Africa. The consortium is named the West Africa partnership to fight Antimicrobial resistance (SWAB).
If you require further information about this project please contact Larry at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
New SCPHRP PhD students
Kathleen Morrison has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health in Social Science. Kathleen will be evaluating policy implementation in the enhanced Scottish Universal Health Visiting Pathway using realist methods. Her PhD project will complement the existing evaluation of the Universal Health Visiting Pathway, currently being led by Dr Larry Doi. Kathleen will be supervised by Dr Larry Doi, Dr Ruth Jepson and Dr Julia Egan (Scottish Government).
Sofia Alvarado has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health and Social Science. Sofia is evaluating the alignment and coherence of public policies, such as those stated in the Obesity Route Map, with the principles that rule the right to adequate food. Furthermore, she will be exploring the degree of knowledge and awareness of policymakers and the general population towards this topic.
SCPHRP systematic reviewer, Jan Pringle, has started working with colleagues from Stirling University on a review examining the influence of physical activity for people with dementia, or associated cognitive impairment. Screening of search results is underway, and analysis of findings will commence within the next few weeks.
Further work relating to trusted adult input for adolescents is taking place, and the systematic review results report will be available shortly.
A further review relating to air quality is in the pipeline, as well as an update of cranberry juice evidence. More news to follow….
For further information, contact Jan.Pringle@ed.ac.uk
Trusted Adult Paper
Jan Pringle and John McAteer, alongside colleagues Ross Whitehead and Eileen Scott in NHS Health Scotland, and Dona Milne from NHS Fife, recently published their report titled “The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes“.This paper looks at the importance of trusted adults during adolescence. It defines the role of a trusted adult, examines the impact on health and education outcomes, and gives implementation guidance.
20mph Project Update: A successful final round of perceptions surveys
The student survey team after collecting nearly 300 surveys January 19, 2019.
The SCPHRP and Physical Activity for Health Research Centre (PAHRC) project team, organised by SCPHRP team memberJillian Manner, embarked on their final survey data collection session, handing out surveys to capture the public perception of the implementation of 20mph speed limits in zone 6 by the City of Edinburgh Council. The survey questions ranged from general knowledge on the 20mph programme to drivers’ attitudes towards the 20mph speed limit, which was implemented in zone 6 in March 2018.This project seeks to measure public perception before and after implementation of the speed limit. The results from the survey are currently being analysed (together with supplementary data from other sources) to accurately portray the impact of the 20mph speed limits in Edinburgh.
Congratulations to 20MPH project and PAHRC team member Dr Graham Baker and his wife Katherine, on the birth of their daughter, Lucy.
Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance
Patients could benefit from improved care and outcomes thanks to new research guidance developed as part of a University of Stirling-led study. Dr Ruth Jepson, from SCPRHP was one of the co-investigator on the project. The study is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and involves a number of partners, including the Universities of Bangor, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Napier.
The study has led to the creation of the first-ever tailored reporting guidance for the methodology, known as meta-ethnography. It will give researchers and healthcare bosses greater confidence in the findings of qualitative studies and, ultimately, aid the improvement of patient care and services.
Meta-ethnography – developed by sociologists George W Noblit and R Dwight Hare in 1988 – involves systematically comparing conceptual data from primary qualitative studies to identify and develop new overarching concepts, theories and models. It enables researchers to combine the findings of qualitative studies, rather than concentrating on the individual cases.
The quality of the reporting of meta-ethnographies is often poor – meaning patient groups and NHS managers often lack trust in the findings and, ultimately, do not use them to improve their decisions, services and patient care. However, the team – working closely with Professor Noblit, of the University of North Carolina – have, for the first time, provided bespoke guidance on this approach to improve reporting of data collection and analysis.
Before putting together the guidance, the team reviewed existing literature, consulted academic experts, carried out consensus studies within the research community and with members of the public, and interviewed professionals working in non-academic settings.
The new guidance has 19 specific reporting criteria, supported by detailed explanatory notes. It includes recommendations on all aspects of meta-ethnography conduct and reporting, from selecting studies to analysing data.
The guidance will be free to use and is aimed predominantly at researchers, journal editors, and academics who review research articles to guide how meta-ethnographies should be reported. It will also be used by researchers and students looking to understand how to conduct a meta-ethnography.
See the publication section below for details about how to access the guidance.
Latest Publication: Meta-ethnography guidance, published simultaneously in four journals
France E.F., Cunningham, M., Ring, N., Uny, I. Duncan, E.A.S.,Jepson, R.G., Maxwell, M., Roberts, R.J., Turley, R.L. Booth, A., Britten, N., Flemming, K., Gallagher, I., Garside, R., Hannes, K., Lewin, S., Noblit, G.W., Pope, C., Thomas, J., Vanstone, M., Higginbottom, G.M.A., Noyes, J. Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance,
Journal of Advanced Nursing, DOI: 10.1111/jan.13809, 15 January 2019.
Psycho-oncology, DOI is 10.1002/pon.4915, 15 January 2019.
Review of Education, DOI: 10.1002/rev3.3147, 15 January 2019.
Cycling and walking for individual and population health benefits
SCPHRP’s Yvonne Laird was involved in conducting a rapid review of the health benefits of walking and cycling with PaulKelly of the Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, and James Woodcock and Soren Brage of the Centre for Diet and Activity Research, University of Cambridge.The rapid review was commissioned by Public Health England. The report has recently been published and can be viewedhere.The impact of community-based universal youth work in Scotland
Working with colleagues within NHS Lothian, Youthlink Scotland, and the Institute For Education, John McAteer has recently completed a national research project that engaged with three communities in Scotland examining the impact of community-based universal youth work services, using Transformative Evaluation (Cooper, 2012). You can read the findings of the reporthere.Pringle, J., Whitehead, R., Milne, D., Scott, E., McAteer, J. 2018. The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol for a scoping review. Systematic Reviews, 7, 207. Link to paper here.Pringle J. 2018. Health mind-mapping has the potential to facilitate patient engagement in self-management of long term conditions. Evidence Based Nursing. Commentary on: Buitron de la Vega P, Coe C, Paasche-Orlow MK et al. “It’s like a mirror image of my illness”: Exploring Patient Perceptions About Illness Using Health Mind Mapping-a Qualitative Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Jul 10. Link to paper here.
Pringle J, Doi L, Jepson R, McAteer J. 2018. Developing an evidence and theory based intervention that seeks to promote positive adolescent health and education outcomes. Lancet (Nov): 73
The Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP) vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.
If you have any news including job vacancies, projects, conferences that you would like to include in the next bulletin, please contact Yvonne Laird (Yvonne.Laird@ed.ac.uk) by 20th February.
SCPHRP Bulletin April 2016
Take 5 Minutes to read about recent developments at the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP). EVENTS Development of an intervention for parents/carers with teenage children, Thursday 26th May, 9.30am-1.30pm, COSLA Conference Centre
This event – a partnership between SCPHRP and the Robertson Trust – presents a piece of work conducted by Jane Hartley and John McAteer to develop an intervention for parents/carers with teenage children. The five-week intervention has been developed for kinship carers in the first instance, with a view to expanding its use for other groups. The event is primarily for third sector groups, and policy makers/decision makers who may be interested in taking the intervention forward in terms of implementation and evaluation. Please visit our Eventbrite page to register (https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/care-an-intervention-for-carersparents-with-teenage-children-tickets-24398316020).
How qualitative (or interpretive or critical) is qualitative synthesis and what we can do about this?
SCPHRP will be hosting a public lecture on 22nd June between 3pm – 5pm (venue in Edinburgh TBC) by George Noblitt who developed the meta synthesis approach for qualitative research in the 1980’s. George has been invited to Scotland to input into a NIHR funded project to develop meta-ethnography guidelines (eMERGe). Stirling University are leading the grant and Ruth Jepson from SCPHRP is a co-investigator. More information will be posted shortly. NEWS SCPHRP’s Daryll Archibald has had an abstract accepted to present the findings of his work investigating the health and well-being benefits of attending a Green Gym programme for older people at the World Congress of Active Ageing in Melbourne, Australia this coming June and has been awarded an Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics Travel Grant to attend the conference. Daryll and TCV are currently working on an application to the Big Lottery Fund to increase the scope of the Green Gym project. Well done Daryll! Read more about the Green Gym in the Spring magazine here..
OPPORTUNITIES SCPHRP Development Awards
We are currently accepting applications for a new funding scheme for third sector and policy/practice Working Group members. This is part of our on-going commitment to enhance the capacity of the Scottish public health workforce to contribute to, and utilise research, via appropriate career development opportunities. Applicants can seek funding for a number of career development activities, including:
Attendance at a relevant conference, including registration, travel and accommodation costs.
Attendance at a relevant seminar/workshop, including registration, travel and accommodation costs.
Further education opportunities, including relevant modules/courses.
Travel to meet with a key figure in a related field, where such a meeting is likely to benefit your work.
Applications will be accepted throughout the year, until all available monies (£5,000 per working group) have been allocated. To register as a member of any of the working groups, please visit: http://www.scphrp.ac.uk/join-a-working-group/ and contact the relevant Working Group Fellow for further information. Mark Hazelwood from the Scottish Partnership for Palliative Care was succesful in applying for a SCPHRP development grant to attend the forthcoming meeting of the International Working Group on Death, Dying and Bereavement (IWG), in Dunblane, 6-11th November. Congratulations Mark. PAPERS & PUBLICATIONS Our Spring magazine is now on the website here.. Read about COLLABORATING WITH ACADEMICS: An Evidence for Success supplementary guide from Patty Lozano-Casal, Evaluation Support Scotland on Page 9, EVERYDAY LIFE AND OLDER PEOPLE’S WELL-BEING in local town centres in Edinburgh from Luca Brunelli on Page 12 and much more. If you would like to contribute to future magazines, please get in touch with Sam Bain at Samantha.email@example.com.
Frank, J. (2016). World view: Origins of the obesity pandemic can be analysed. Nature, 532, p149.
Evans, J.M., Ryde, G., Jepson, R., Gray, C., Shepherd, A., Mackison, D., Ireland, A.V., McMurdo, M.E., Williams, B. (2016). Accessing and engaging women from socio-economically disadvantaged areas: a participatory approach to the design of a public health intervention for delivery in a Bingo club, BMC Public Health, 16. Full article accessible here: http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-3013-1
Best, C., Haseen, F., van der Sluijs, W., Ozakinci, G., Currie, D., Eadie, D., Stead, M., Mackintosh, A.M., Pearce, J., Tisch, C., MacGregor, A., Amos, A., Frank, J., Haw, S. (2016). Relationship between e-cigarette point of sale recall and e-cigarette use in secondary school children: a cross-sectional study, 16. Full article accessible here: http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-2968-2
SCPHRP’s vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers. If you would like to join our mailing list – go to www.scphrp.ac.uk
SCPHRP Bulletin No 9
Take Five Minutes to read about recent developments at the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP):
News & Events
If you would like to make suggestions regarding a SCPHRP event – including potential collaborations or speakers, would like to share articles and papers, or publicise your own event please feel free to contact a SCPHRP Fellow or Renee Ingram (firstname.lastname@example.org). Event: 31 October 2014 – Midspan 2014 Conference. 2014 marks the 50th year of the Midspan studies – the largest and longest series of studies of population health in Scotland. This symposium will celebrate this event, with a focus on new scientific findings published in the last ten years, including studies of smoking, alcohol, obesity, cancer, heart disease, vitamin D, air pollution, genetics, ageing and health inequalities. Register here.
Event: 04 Nov 2014 – Are you in a healthy place right now? Neighbourhood food environments, diet and health. Research and policy meeting.This meeting, organised by the UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), will feature presentations by leading researchers and policymakers in this field, and will provide plenty of time for discussion and interaction. Read more. SCPHRP Working Group Event: 13 Nov 2014 –An event exclusive to members of the SCPHRP Working Groups designed to bring all four Working Groups back together to celebrate a successful first year. Register here (Working Group members only). Deadline 07 Nov 2014. SCPHRP Event: 18 November 2014 – Prof Johan Mackenbach: Are Health Inequalities Declining in the EU, and If Not, Why Not? Register here. Event: 19 – 20 November 2014 – Preconference 7th European Health Conference. Adaptation of health promotion and disease prevention interventions for migrant & ethnic minority populations: policy, practice and research.Read more. Course: 8 – 12 December 2014 – 10th Year Anniversary Crash Course on Concepts of Epidemiology. Read more. Event: 26 – 28 August 2015 – The Farr Institute’s First International Conference. Register interest – email@example.com SCPHRP Vacancy:Research Fellow: Develop and pilot an intervention for parents with teenage children in Scotland. Closing date: 21 Nov 2014. Apply here. Vacancy reference: 031754
We are seeking an enthusiastic, dynamic research fellow for this post based in the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP) (Adolescence and Young Adulthood Working Group) within the Centre for Population Health Sciences. This post offers an exciting opportunity to develop and pilot an intervention for parents with teenage children in Scotland. The post-holder will play a key role in all stages of intervention development, including initial consultations with key stakeholders, design of specific intervention components, through to piloting and refinement. Vacancy: DECIPHer – Cardiff School of Social Sciences and School of Medicine: Reader/Professor of Public Health Improvement.www.cardiff.ac.uk/jobs– ref 2688 BR. SCPHRP Magazine – The SCPHRP magazine is now available online. You can also request a physical copy. Featured articles include: The STAND Awards; ‘Reducing health inequalities in the early years — what should Scotland do next?’; An interview with Susan Lowes from Voluntary Health Scotland; and The Well!Bingo project. Call for Contributions – We are starting to collect articles for our next magazine. If you have any ‘relevant to SCPHRP’ articles you would like to submit i.e. researched work, projects or project updates, published papers, please contact Sam Bain (Samantha.firstname.lastname@example.org). Size wise…it can be between 100 to 300 words with any links, logos, images would be great (please make sure there is authorisation to use any images and logos in print and on the web).
You can view all past SCPHRP magazines on our website http://www.scphrp.ac.uk/
Papers and Publications
Report: ‘Creating Better Health & Wellbeing’ event report. September 2014. (PDF £0)
Summary of a one-day event for community organisations and researchers to network and learn about successful collaboration. Further resources here.
SCPHRP event: Creating Better Health and Wellbeing. SCPHRP ran an event in September 2014 to help researchers and community organisations network and learn together about improving health and reducing health inequalities. This event was developed by the “Social Change & Health’ and ‘Ageing Well: Healthier Futures’ sub-groups within the Adult Life / Working Age Working Group, led by SCPHRP’s Tony Robertson. Watch here.
Presentation by Ruth Jepson. Intervention Programmes to Prevent Multiple Risk Behaviour. Watch here.
SCPHRP films most of the events we host. You can watch past events on our YouTube Channel.Visit the YouTube Channel.
SCPHRP’s vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.
WELCOME TO OUR JUNE BULLETIN 2019 SCPHRP NEWS Goodbye Yvonne Laird After 2.5 years as a Research Fellow at SCPHRP, we are sad to say goodbye to our lovely Yvonne Laird. Yvonne has accepted a new position at the University of Sydney as a Lecturer in Prevention and Health Promotion and will start her new […]
A new citizen science project exploring how shared (public) outdoor spaces affect health and wellbeing. The project aims to: understand the impact shared (e.g. public) outdoor spaces have on the health and wellbeing of the public. Investigate whether shared outdoor spaces affect people differently and if so, why and in what ways? Identify the best […]
STAND UP FOR HEALTH SCPHRP’s Jillian Manner has been home in Toronto, Canada for a while, and plans to return in April to start work on a new NIHR-funded project called Stand Up For Health, which looks at sedentary behaviour in call centres. The Stand Up for Health intervention has been developed and tested within the Ipsos MORI […]