January 2019 Bulletin!

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Happy New Year! Welcome to our first bulletin of 2019. Bringing you our usual mix of news, publications, project updates and more.

This has been an exciting start to the year for SCPHRP, with lots to look forward to. In this issue you can read about:

  • Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa
  • New SCPHRP PhD students update
  • Systematic reviews
  • Trusted adult paper
  • 20mph project update
  • The eMERGe Reporting Guidance
  • Our latest publications

As always, we love to hear your news as well, so if you have anything you want to share with us and the wider membership, including job vacancies, projects, conferences you can find out how to do so at the end of the bulletin.

With very best wishes,
Everyone at SCPHRP

NEWS AND PROJECTS UPDATE

‘Our Outdoors’ Lower Granton Road Project
‘Our Outdoors’ is a citizen science project exploring how shared (public) outdoor spaces affect health and wellbeing.  John McAteer, Kathleen Morrison, Yvonne Laird and Ruth Jepson are working with Edinburgh City Council, Sustrans and industry partner AECOM to examine outdoor space and health in relation to a new planned development in Lower Granton Road.The design intent of the development is to create a series of stimulating spaces, at a variety of scales, vary the sense of enclosure and openness within the greenspace, and work seamlessly with its context. The design includes wildflower meadows, low earth mounds, and trees. The waterfront greenspace alongside the cycle way hopes to enhance a sense of place through changes to the landscape. The landscape proposals provide greater visual interest, opportunities for informal seating, rest and recreation, whilst maintaining one of the key aspects of this space: stunning coastal views.

The team is now asking members of the public to join them as citizen scientists. The public will be asked to complete a short survey while in the Lower Granton Road area before the changes occur in February 2019. This will make up the pre-changes survey, and after development the public will be asked to complete a post-survey. The surveys are currently being tested by students in the School of Health in Social Science.  

For more information, please visit the Our Outdoors website: http://www.ouroutdoors.org.uk/holding.php

Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa
SCPHRP Research Fellow Larry Doi, together with researchers from the University of St Andrews, Glasgow Caledonian University and the University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana have recently received funding from the Scottish Funding Council and the UK Strategies for Global Challenges Research Fund through the University of St Andrews to set up a consortium and subsequently conduct Antimicrobial resistance research in West Africa. The consortium is named the West Africa partnership to fight Antimicrobial resistance (SWAB).
If you require further information about this project please contact Larry at: larry.doi@ed.ac.uk.

New SCPHRP PhD students


Kathleen Morrison has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health in Social Science. Kathleen will be evaluating policy implementation in the enhanced Scottish Universal Health Visiting Pathway using realist methods. Her PhD project will complement the existing evaluation of the Universal Health Visiting Pathway, currently being led by Dr Larry Doi. Kathleen will be supervised by Dr Larry Doi, Dr Ruth Jepson and Dr Julia Egan (Scottish Government).
Sofia Alvarado has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health and Social Science. Sofia is evaluating the alignment and coherence of public policies, such as those stated in the Obesity Route Map, with the principles that rule the right to adequate food. Furthermore, she will be exploring the degree of knowledge and awareness of policymakers and the general population towards this topic.

Systematic Review

SCPHRP systematic reviewer, Jan Pringle, has started working with colleagues from Stirling University on a review examining the influence of physical activity for people with dementia, or associated cognitive impairment. Screening of search results is underway, and analysis of findings will commence within the next few weeks.

Further work relating to trusted adult input for adolescents is taking place, and the systematic review results report will be available shortly.

A further review relating to air quality is in the pipeline, as well as an update of cranberry juice evidence. More news to follow….

For further information, contact Jan.Pringle@ed.ac.uk

Trusted Adult Paper 


Jan Pringle and John McAteer, alongside colleagues Ross Whitehead and Eileen Scott in NHS Health Scotland, and Dona Milne from NHS Fife, recently published their report titled “The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes“.This paper looks at the importance of trusted adults during adolescence. It defines the role of a trusted adult, examines the impact on health and education outcomes, and gives implementation guidance.


20mph Project Update: A successful final round of perceptions surveys

The student survey team after collecting nearly 300 surveys January 19, 2019.

The SCPHRP and Physical Activity for Health Research Centre (PAHRC) project team, organised by SCPHRP team member Jillian Manner, embarked on their final survey data collection session, handing out surveys to capture the public perception of the implementation of 20mph speed limits in zone 6 by the City of Edinburgh Council. The survey questions ranged from general knowledge on the 20mph programme to drivers’ attitudes towards the 20mph speed limit, which was implemented in zone 6 in March 2018.This project seeks to measure public perception before and after implementation of the speed limit. The results from the survey are currently being analysed (together with supplementary data from other sources) to accurately portray the impact of the 20mph speed limits in Edinburgh.

For further information please contact Dr Glenna Nightingale at glenna.nightingale@ed.ac.uk.

Congratulations to 20MPH team member Dr Charlie Foster, from the University of Bristol. He has been awarded an OBE in the Queen’s New Year Honours list, in recognition of his work to promote physical activity.

Congratulations to 20MPH project and PAHRC team member Dr Graham Baker and his wife Katherine, on the birth of their daughter, Lucy.
Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance

Patients could benefit from improved care and outcomes thanks to new research guidance developed as part of a University of Stirling-led study. Dr Ruth Jepson, from SCPRHP was one of the co-investigator on the project. The study is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and involves a number of partners, including the Universities of Bangor, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Napier.

The study has led to the creation of the first-ever tailored reporting guidance for the methodology, known as meta-ethnography. It will give researchers and healthcare bosses greater confidence in the findings of qualitative studies and, ultimately, aid the improvement of patient care and services.

Meta-ethnography – developed by sociologists George W Noblit and R Dwight Hare in 1988 – involves systematically comparing conceptual data from primary qualitative studies to identify and develop new overarching concepts, theories and models. It enables researchers to combine the findings of qualitative studies, rather than concentrating on the individual cases.

The quality of the reporting of meta-ethnographies is often poor – meaning patient groups and NHS managers often lack trust in the findings and, ultimately, do not use them to improve their decisions, services and patient care. However, the team – working closely with Professor Noblit, of the University of North Carolina – have, for the first time, provided bespoke guidance on this approach to improve reporting of data collection and analysis.

Before putting together the guidance, the team reviewed existing literature, consulted academic experts, carried out consensus studies within the research community and with members of the public, and interviewed professionals working in non-academic settings.

The new guidance has 19 specific reporting criteria, supported by detailed explanatory notes. It includes recommendations on all aspects of meta-ethnography conduct and reporting, from selecting studies to analysing data.

The guidance will be free to use and is aimed predominantly at researchers, journal editors, and academics who review research articles to guide how meta-ethnographies should be reported. It will also be used by researchers and students looking to understand how to conduct a meta-ethnography.
See the publication section below for details about how to access the guidance.

NEW Publications


Latest Publication: Meta-ethnography guidance, published simultaneously in four journals

France E.F.,  Cunningham, M.,  Ring, N., Uny, I.  Duncan, E.A.S.,Jepson, R.G., Maxwell, M., Roberts, R.J.,   Turley, R.L. Booth, A., Britten, N., Flemming, K., Gallagher, I., Garside, R., Hannes, K., Lewin, S., Noblit, G.W., Pope, C., Thomas, J., Vanstone, M., Higginbottom, G.M.A., Noyes, J. Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance,

  1. Journal of Advanced Nursing, DOI: 10.1111/jan.13809, 15 January 2019.
  2. Psycho-oncology, DOI is 10.1002/pon.4915, 15 January 2019.
  3. Review of Education, DOI: 10.1002/rev3.3147, 15 January 2019.
  4. BMC Medical Research Methodology, https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12874-018-0600-0  15 January 2019.
Cycling and walking for individual and population health benefits 
SCPHRP’s Yvonne Laird was involved in conducting a rapid review of the health benefits of walking and cycling with PaulKelly of the Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, and James Woodcock and Soren Brage of the Centre for Diet and Activity Research, University of Cambridge.The rapid review was commissioned by Public Health England. The report has recently been published and can be viewed here.The impact of community-based universal youth work in Scotland
Working with colleagues within NHS Lothian, Youthlink Scotland, and the Institute For Education, John McAteer has recently completed a national research project that engaged with three communities in Scotland examining the impact of community-based universal youth work services, using Transformative Evaluation (Cooper, 2012). You can read the findings of the reporthere.Pringle, J., Whitehead, R., Milne, D., Scott, E., McAteer, J. 2018. The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol for a scoping review. Systematic Reviews, 7, 207. Link to paper here.

Pringle J. 2018. Health mind-mapping has the potential to facilitate patient engagement in self-management of long term conditions. Evidence Based Nursing. Commentary on: Buitron de la Vega P, Coe C, Paasche-Orlow MK et al. “It’s like a mirror image of my illness”: Exploring Patient Perceptions About Illness Using Health Mind Mapping-a Qualitative Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Jul 10. Link to paper here.

Pringle J, Doi L, Jepson R, McAteer J. 2018. Developing an evidence and theory based intervention that seeks to promote positive adolescent health and education outcomes. Lancet (Nov): 73

The Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP) vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.

If you have any news including job vacancies, projects, conferences that you would like to include in the next bulletin, please contact
Yvonne Laird (Yvonne.Laird@ed.ac.uk) by 20th February.

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Date of Publication 01/01/1970
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