SCPHRP March bulletin 2019

STAND UP FOR HEALTH

SCPHRP’s Jillian Manner has been home in Toronto, Canada for a while, and plans to return in April to start work on a new NIHR-funded project called Stand Up For Health, which looks at sedentary behaviour in call centres.

The Stand Up for Health intervention has been developed and tested within the Ipsos MORI call centre in Leith, Edinburgh. The researchers conducted qualitative focus groups and facilitated a workshop to understand the needs and context of the call centre. Based on the qualitative data, activities to reduce sedentary behaviour were developed to target four levels of the call centre: individual, social/cultural, environmental, and organisational levels. Examples of these activities include personal goal setting, healthy competitions, implementation of equipment (standing desks, treadmill desks, stair stepper, etc), and the creation of a wellness committee to organise and administer activities once the researchers have left.

SCPHRP commissioned a video to be created at Ipsos Mori in Leith, with support from staff at both the call centre and SCPHRP. You can find it on our YouTube channel.

Report reveals legacy of public health research centres

By building capacity and capability in public health research, a report shows how the legacy of a UK-wide network of centres of excellence has helped fuel future public health and prevention research. Since 2008, partners in the UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC) have invested £37 million in a network of six Public Health Research Centres of Excellence (UKCRC centres) to increase infrastructure, build academic capacity in public health research in the UK and provide a platform to engage with policy and practice. The report shows how 10-years of collaborative work by these centres – based in Edinburgh, Belfast, Newcastle, Nottingham, Cambridge and Cardiff – has exceeded expectations of what was thought possible back in 2008. Read more here.

Antimicrobial Resistance Project

Earlier this month, SCPHRP’s Larry Doi was in Ghana to work on the Scotland and West Africa Partnership to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance (SWAB) Project, which is being funded by the Scottish Funding Council and the UK Strategies for Global Challenges Research Fund through the University of St Andrews. The goal of the project is to examine drivers of antimicrobial resistance in Ghana. As part of the project, he was involved in conducting stakeholder engagement workshops to assess how the objectives of SWAB could be aligned with the Ghana National Action Plan on Antimicrobial resistance. For more information please contact Larry at larry.doi@ed.ac.uk.

Food security versus food sovereignty: The clash of paradigms

Last Wednesday 20 of March PhD student Ana Sofia Alvarado attended a public lecture called “Food security versus food sovereignty: The clash of paradigms” by Professor Olivier De Schutter, who is the former UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food. The content of the lecture was very interesting, clear and well explained. Professor Olivier recognised the importance of the Good Food Nation Consultation, which is happening in Scotland in order to improve and integrate the food system towards a healthier environment. Here is the link https://consult.gov.scot/food-and-drink/good-food-nation/ to complete the consultation about the new law on food. The consultation closes the 18th of April. The Scottish Food Coalition is offering a guide to responding and understand the consultation and the framework legislation.
http://www.foodcoalition.scot/good-food-nation-campaign.html

20MPH Project

SCPHRP’s Ruth Jepson attended a committee meeting on the Restriction Roads Bill to give evidence on the 20MPH project on behalf of the Project Team. Further information on the development of the 20MPH project to come.

eMERGe reporting guidance

The newly formed Evidence Synthesis Ireland have invited Dr Emma France to present a webinar on the eMERGe reporting guidance. It will be on 11/04/19 from 12noon – 1pm. If you want to follow them, their handle is @EvidSynIRL and they now have a website too https://evidencesynthesisireland.ie/. To register please go to:  https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_hxzhy1QRR_uXdE3Eo2f2lw

Dr Emma France, Senior lecturer, Masters in Health Research Acting Programme Director & Dissertation Module Co-ordinator

 

1.SCPHRP’s Jan Pringle has a new publication, following on from research carried out with colleagues at the University of Dundee, and the Children’s Hospice Association Scotland (CHAS):

Jindal-Snape D, Johnston B, Pringle J, Kelly TB, Scott R, Gold L, Dempsey R. 2019. Multiple and Multidimensional life transitions in the context of life-limiting health conditions: longitudinal study focussing on perspectives of young adults, families and professionals. BMC Palliative Care 18: 30-42

 

This particular project was concerned with learning more about how young adults, in the care of CHAS, transition as they move on from services designed and provided for children. Jan gathered data from young adults in their homes, often involving young adults with very restricted abilities: “It was very humbling to listen to these young adults, and their families, recount their stories. Hopefully these accounts will be of benefit to those providing and shaping services“.

2.Stephen Malden & Larry Doi (2019) The Daily Mile: teachers’ perspectives of the barriers and facilitators to the delivery of a school-based physical activity intervention. BMJ Open, 9:e027169. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027169. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/3/e027169

Twitter @scphrp

 

The Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP) vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.

If you have any news including  job vacancies, projects, conferences that you would like to include in the next bulletin, please contact Yvonne Laird (Yvonne.Laird@ed.ac.uk).

Thank you

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SCPHRP February bulletin 2019

Goodbye to John McAteer

John McAteer, SCPHRP’s Deputy Director has decided to fly the SCPHRP nest for the foreseeable future and we’re going to miss him greatly. John has been part of the team for many years and has some incredible achievements under his belt, including the STAND awards, Parenting Strategy, PHEN, 6SQUiD and many more. John plans to remain involved with SCPHRP, although in a different capacity so I am sure we’ll be seeing him at some point or another!

Missing you already John Mac.

Stand up for Health

The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) recently funded research on ‘Stand Up for Health’, an intervention to reduce sedentary behaviour in contact centres. The grant is led by Ruth Jepson of SCPHRP, and co-investigators are Graham Baker from the Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, Richard Parker and Andrew Stoddart from the Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit, and Scott Lloyd from Public Health, South Tees. The idea came from a group project on the Masters of Public Health course in Edinburgh, Developing and Evaluating Complex Public health Interventions.

The Stand Up for Health intervention was further developed and tested within the Ipsos MORI call centre in Leith, Scotland. The researchers conducted qualitative focus groups and facilitated a workshop to understand the needs and context of the call centre. Based on the qualitative data, activities to reduce sedentary behaviour were developed to target four levels of the call centre: individual, social/cultural, environmental, and organisational levels. Examples of these activities include personal goal setting, healthy competitions, implementation of equipment (standing desks, treadmill desks, stair stepper, etc), and the creation of a wellness committee to organise and administer activities once the researchers have left.

SCPHRP commissioned a video to be created at Ipsos Mori in Leith, with support from staff at both the call centre and SCPHRP.  The filmmaker is Felix Adamson. You can watch it on our YouTube channel

Research to inform the Women and Girls in Sport Advisory Group at the Scottish Government

SCPHRP’s Yvonne Laird and Ruth Jepson are currently working on a research project to inform the work of the Women and Girls in Sport Advisory Group at the Scottish Government. More details to follow…

Latest Publication: 

France E.F.,  Uny, I., Ring, N., Turley,R.L. Maxwell, M., Duncan, E.A.S., Jepson, R.G., Roberts, R.J., Noyes, J. (2019). A methodological systematic review of meta-ethnography conduct to articulate the complex analytical phases. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19:35 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0670-7

 

Visiting Scholar Jacqueline Gahagan

Jacqueline Gahagan from the Faculty of Health Professions at Dalhousie University will be based in SCPHRP in May (1st – 10th) as a visiting scholar. Jacquie is a Full Professor of Health Promotion and Head of the Health Promotion Division in the School of Health and Human Performance

Her team recently submitted a large Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) grant on biomedical advances on STBBI testing. They expect to hear later this term if they are funded for this 5-year program of research. This grant proposal is an extension of the earlier work they have been doing as part of REACH 2.0 and the CBR collaborative to address gaps in access to new STBBI testing technologies.  She is keen to talk to anyone who shares an interest in this area. Her hope is that she can develop an international collaborative on public health research with a focus on sexual health promotion. She will be giving a seminar on this topic during her time, and if any of you would like to meet her during her stay, please contact Ruth at ruth.jepson@ed.ac.uk.

Obesity Action Scotland

SCPHRP research fellows Yvonne Laird and Jan Pringle are currently liaising with Obesity Action Scotland with a view to carrying out two new obesity-related scoping reviews.

More details  to follow in the next bulletin…

PhD opportunity: Process Evaluation of South Tees Local Delivery Pilot

Faculty of Health & Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
PhD Research Studentship (full-time for 3 years)
Stipend: £14,777 per annum, Location: Middlesbrough, Hours: Full time

A three-year PhD studentship is available to UK, EU and International students. The studentship covers home/EU tuition fees, stipend equivalent to full UK Research Council rate and research expenses. International students will need to cover the tuition fee shortfall of approx. £8200 per year. Redcar & Cleveland Borough council has secured funding from Sport England to deliver one of twelve national Local Delivery Pilots (LDP) in the South Tees region. The aim of the South Tees LDP is to increase physical activity in the underrepresented groups as well as increase the utilisation of outdoor spaces. Sheffield Hallam University has been selected as the evaluation partner for this project to be undertaken as part of a programme of research for a PhD. Due to the complex nature of the LDP, ’realist evaluation’ is an appropriate methodology. Realist approaches are particularly focused on uncovering causal processes and the contexts in which they operate, rather than simply observing outcomes.

The primary aim of the PhD is to undertake a process realist evaluation that gathers evidence and ideas about what works (or doesn’t) to deliver a change in culture, practices and processes to encourage engagement in sport and physical activity, in South Tees. The PhD will specifically be focused at the strategic and organisational level to understand what enable the LDPs to work (or not), for whom and in which circumstances. This evidence will allow South Tees to not only ‘record the journey’ but has the potential to learn iteratively and adapt processes. The work is high profile and will be feeding into the national evaluation being undertaken by Sport England.

This PhD provides an exciting opportunity to work with one of the UK’s leading Universities for undertaking applied work in the field of physical activity evaluation. There will be opportunities to work with key local stakeholders as part of your study and there is an expectation that you will be housed in the Middlesbrough area.Link to the job advert: https://www.findaphd.com/phds/project/process-evaluation-of-south-tees-local-delivery-pilot/?p107359

The Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP) vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.

If you have any news including job vacancies, projects, conferences that you would like to include in the next bulletin, please contact Yvonne Laird (Yvonne.Laird@ed.ac.uk).

Thanks

 

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January 2019 Bulletin!

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Happy New Year! Welcome to our first bulletin of 2019. Bringing you our usual mix of news, publications, project updates and more.

This has been an exciting start to the year for SCPHRP, with lots to look forward to. In this issue you can read about:

  • Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa
  • New SCPHRP PhD students update
  • Systematic reviews
  • Trusted adult paper
  • 20mph project update
  • The eMERGe Reporting Guidance
  • Our latest publications

As always, we love to hear your news as well, so if you have anything you want to share with us and the wider membership, including job vacancies, projects, conferences you can find out how to do so at the end of the bulletin.

With very best wishes,
Everyone at SCPHRP

NEWS AND PROJECTS UPDATE

‘Our Outdoors’ Lower Granton Road Project
‘Our Outdoors’ is a citizen science project exploring how shared (public) outdoor spaces affect health and wellbeing.  John McAteer, Kathleen Morrison, Yvonne Laird and Ruth Jepson are working with Edinburgh City Council, Sustrans and industry partner AECOM to examine outdoor space and health in relation to a new planned development in Lower Granton Road.The design intent of the development is to create a series of stimulating spaces, at a variety of scales, vary the sense of enclosure and openness within the greenspace, and work seamlessly with its context. The design includes wildflower meadows, low earth mounds, and trees. The waterfront greenspace alongside the cycle way hopes to enhance a sense of place through changes to the landscape. The landscape proposals provide greater visual interest, opportunities for informal seating, rest and recreation, whilst maintaining one of the key aspects of this space: stunning coastal views.

The team is now asking members of the public to join them as citizen scientists. The public will be asked to complete a short survey while in the Lower Granton Road area before the changes occur in February 2019. This will make up the pre-changes survey, and after development the public will be asked to complete a post-survey. The surveys are currently being tested by students in the School of Health in Social Science.  

For more information, please visit the Our Outdoors website: http://www.ouroutdoors.org.uk/holding.php

Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa
SCPHRP Research Fellow Larry Doi, together with researchers from the University of St Andrews, Glasgow Caledonian University and the University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana have recently received funding from the Scottish Funding Council and the UK Strategies for Global Challenges Research Fund through the University of St Andrews to set up a consortium and subsequently conduct Antimicrobial resistance research in West Africa. The consortium is named the West Africa partnership to fight Antimicrobial resistance (SWAB).
If you require further information about this project please contact Larry at: larry.doi@ed.ac.uk.

New SCPHRP PhD students


Kathleen Morrison has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health in Social Science. Kathleen will be evaluating policy implementation in the enhanced Scottish Universal Health Visiting Pathway using realist methods. Her PhD project will complement the existing evaluation of the Universal Health Visiting Pathway, currently being led by Dr Larry Doi. Kathleen will be supervised by Dr Larry Doi, Dr Ruth Jepson and Dr Julia Egan (Scottish Government).
Sofia Alvarado has now started a PhD with SCPHRP in the School of Health and Social Science. Sofia is evaluating the alignment and coherence of public policies, such as those stated in the Obesity Route Map, with the principles that rule the right to adequate food. Furthermore, she will be exploring the degree of knowledge and awareness of policymakers and the general population towards this topic.

Systematic Review

SCPHRP systematic reviewer, Jan Pringle, has started working with colleagues from Stirling University on a review examining the influence of physical activity for people with dementia, or associated cognitive impairment. Screening of search results is underway, and analysis of findings will commence within the next few weeks.

Further work relating to trusted adult input for adolescents is taking place, and the systematic review results report will be available shortly.

A further review relating to air quality is in the pipeline, as well as an update of cranberry juice evidence. More news to follow….

For further information, contact Jan.Pringle@ed.ac.uk

Trusted Adult Paper 


Jan Pringle and John McAteer, alongside colleagues Ross Whitehead and Eileen Scott in NHS Health Scotland, and Dona Milne from NHS Fife, recently published their report titled “The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes“.This paper looks at the importance of trusted adults during adolescence. It defines the role of a trusted adult, examines the impact on health and education outcomes, and gives implementation guidance.


20mph Project Update: A successful final round of perceptions surveys

The student survey team after collecting nearly 300 surveys January 19, 2019.

The SCPHRP and Physical Activity for Health Research Centre (PAHRC) project team, organised by SCPHRP team member Jillian Manner, embarked on their final survey data collection session, handing out surveys to capture the public perception of the implementation of 20mph speed limits in zone 6 by the City of Edinburgh Council. The survey questions ranged from general knowledge on the 20mph programme to drivers’ attitudes towards the 20mph speed limit, which was implemented in zone 6 in March 2018.This project seeks to measure public perception before and after implementation of the speed limit. The results from the survey are currently being analysed (together with supplementary data from other sources) to accurately portray the impact of the 20mph speed limits in Edinburgh.

For further information please contact Dr Glenna Nightingale at glenna.nightingale@ed.ac.uk.

Congratulations to 20MPH team member Dr Charlie Foster, from the University of Bristol. He has been awarded an OBE in the Queen’s New Year Honours list, in recognition of his work to promote physical activity.

Congratulations to 20MPH project and PAHRC team member Dr Graham Baker and his wife Katherine, on the birth of their daughter, Lucy.
Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance

Patients could benefit from improved care and outcomes thanks to new research guidance developed as part of a University of Stirling-led study. Dr Ruth Jepson, from SCPRHP was one of the co-investigator on the project. The study is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and involves a number of partners, including the Universities of Bangor, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Napier.

The study has led to the creation of the first-ever tailored reporting guidance for the methodology, known as meta-ethnography. It will give researchers and healthcare bosses greater confidence in the findings of qualitative studies and, ultimately, aid the improvement of patient care and services.

Meta-ethnography – developed by sociologists George W Noblit and R Dwight Hare in 1988 – involves systematically comparing conceptual data from primary qualitative studies to identify and develop new overarching concepts, theories and models. It enables researchers to combine the findings of qualitative studies, rather than concentrating on the individual cases.

The quality of the reporting of meta-ethnographies is often poor – meaning patient groups and NHS managers often lack trust in the findings and, ultimately, do not use them to improve their decisions, services and patient care. However, the team – working closely with Professor Noblit, of the University of North Carolina – have, for the first time, provided bespoke guidance on this approach to improve reporting of data collection and analysis.

Before putting together the guidance, the team reviewed existing literature, consulted academic experts, carried out consensus studies within the research community and with members of the public, and interviewed professionals working in non-academic settings.

The new guidance has 19 specific reporting criteria, supported by detailed explanatory notes. It includes recommendations on all aspects of meta-ethnography conduct and reporting, from selecting studies to analysing data.

The guidance will be free to use and is aimed predominantly at researchers, journal editors, and academics who review research articles to guide how meta-ethnographies should be reported. It will also be used by researchers and students looking to understand how to conduct a meta-ethnography.
See the publication section below for details about how to access the guidance.

NEW Publications


Latest Publication: Meta-ethnography guidance, published simultaneously in four journals

France E.F.,  Cunningham, M.,  Ring, N., Uny, I.  Duncan, E.A.S.,Jepson, R.G., Maxwell, M., Roberts, R.J.,   Turley, R.L. Booth, A., Britten, N., Flemming, K., Gallagher, I., Garside, R., Hannes, K., Lewin, S., Noblit, G.W., Pope, C., Thomas, J., Vanstone, M., Higginbottom, G.M.A., Noyes, J. Improving reporting of Meta-Ethnography: The eMERGe Reporting Guidance,

  1. Journal of Advanced Nursing, DOI: 10.1111/jan.13809, 15 January 2019.
  2. Psycho-oncology, DOI is 10.1002/pon.4915, 15 January 2019.
  3. Review of Education, DOI: 10.1002/rev3.3147, 15 January 2019.
  4. BMC Medical Research Methodology, https://bmcmedresmethodol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12874-018-0600-0  15 January 2019.
Cycling and walking for individual and population health benefits 
SCPHRP’s Yvonne Laird was involved in conducting a rapid review of the health benefits of walking and cycling with PaulKelly of the Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, and James Woodcock and Soren Brage of the Centre for Diet and Activity Research, University of Cambridge.The rapid review was commissioned by Public Health England. The report has recently been published and can be viewed here.The impact of community-based universal youth work in Scotland
Working with colleagues within NHS Lothian, Youthlink Scotland, and the Institute For Education, John McAteer has recently completed a national research project that engaged with three communities in Scotland examining the impact of community-based universal youth work services, using Transformative Evaluation (Cooper, 2012). You can read the findings of the reporthere.Pringle, J., Whitehead, R., Milne, D., Scott, E., McAteer, J. 2018. The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol for a scoping review. Systematic Reviews, 7, 207. Link to paper here.

Pringle J. 2018. Health mind-mapping has the potential to facilitate patient engagement in self-management of long term conditions. Evidence Based Nursing. Commentary on: Buitron de la Vega P, Coe C, Paasche-Orlow MK et al. “It’s like a mirror image of my illness”: Exploring Patient Perceptions About Illness Using Health Mind Mapping-a Qualitative Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Jul 10. Link to paper here.

Pringle J, Doi L, Jepson R, McAteer J. 2018. Developing an evidence and theory based intervention that seeks to promote positive adolescent health and education outcomes. Lancet (Nov): 73

The Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research & Policy (SCPHRP) vision is to develop Scotland as a leader in public-health intervention research for equitable health improvement through catalysing strong researcher/research-user collaborations that ensure timely, robust, policy relevant research that is created with – and used by – key decision-makers.

If you have any news including job vacancies, projects, conferences that you would like to include in the next bulletin, please contact
Yvonne Laird (Yvonne.Laird@ed.ac.uk) by 20th February.

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Latest News

SCPHRP March bulletin 2019 (March 30, 2019)

STAND UP FOR HEALTH SCPHRP’s Jillian Manner has been home in Toronto, Canada for a while, and plans to return in April to start work on a new NIHR-funded project called Stand Up For Health, which looks at sedentary behaviour in call centres. The Stand Up for Health intervention has been developed and tested within the Ipsos MORI […]

Read More


SCPHRP February bulletin 2019 (February 28, 2019)

Goodbye to John McAteer John McAteer, SCPHRP’s Deputy Director has decided to fly the SCPHRP nest for the foreseeable future and we’re going to miss him greatly. John has been part of the team for many years and has some incredible achievements under his belt, including the STAND awards, Parenting Strategy, PHEN, 6SQUiD and many […]

Read More


January 2019 Bulletin! (February 3, 2019)

View this email in your browser Happy New Year! Welcome to our first bulletin of 2019. Bringing you our usual mix of news, publications, project updates and more. This has been an exciting start to the year for SCPHRP, with lots to look forward to. In this issue you can read about: Antimicrobial resistance in West Africa […]

Read More


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